Acharya Kanada, ancient Indian philosopher, imagined atoms ~2,500 years back and estimated it to be 7.2X10-⁸ meters

Acharya Kanada, also known as Kashyapa, an ancient Indian natural scientist and philosopher, formulated the theory of atoms 2500 years before John Dalton’s discovery. He founded the Vaisheshika school of Indian philosophy that epitomized the earliest Indian physics. He used this to explain the creation and existence of the universe by proposing an atomistic theory, applying logic and realism which made his school one of the earliest known systematic realist ontology in human history.

The Story Lane:

Acharya Kanada was born in 600 BC in Prabhas Kshetra (near Dwaraka) in Gujarat, in Eastern India. His real name was Kashyap.

Once on his holy…


2021 will see businesses embrace AI, not because they want to, but because they have to

Many years from now, 2020 would be seen as a watershed moment in AI. In the unprecedented year when COVID-19 ravaged the world, a clear answer has emerged about the usefulness of AI — enterprises need to find a way to creatively, broadly, and boldly apply AI to emerge stronger in the short-term and survive in the long-term.

A clear pattern of growth has already emerged in AI: in 2018–19, the phase of experimentation became mature; in 2020, adoptions began in a serious way and suddenly, COVID-19 gave the business leaders an opportunity and impetus to push automation and AI…


While India lags in the AI race compared to the USA and China, it can still craft its own unique story to build an AI future

Photo by Aditya Garikapati on Unsplash

Today, India lags behind in the AI race significantly compared to the US or China. Indian university or institutes are not yet top notch AI research entities, either measured by citations or other measures such as winning prestigious AI contests. Most recently, Chinese scientists have demonstrated and claimed “Quantum Supremacy” in a race that seems to upend Google and USA.

India‘s Own Path in AI

However, it is not too late, nor is it to India’s disadvantage not to have the top-notch algorithm developments taking place outside of the country. …


Exploring the Planetary Nebulae

The “ Eye of God” or The Helix Nebula is a planetary nebula located in the constellation Aquarius, at about 650 light years from the Earth. Discovered by Karl Ludwig Harding in the early 19th century, Helix is one of the closest of all the bright planetary nebulae. The central star of the Nebula, a white dwarf remnant of the star that exploded about 10,000–12,000 years ago, gives the resemblance of an eye.

The star is now approximately size of our planet, Earth!

The “ Eye of God” or The Helix Nebula. Source: NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD)

How God Created His Eye

The Helix Nebula was created when it reached end of its lifecycle of a star similar to…


The Hindu calendars have been in use in the Indian subcontinent since ancient times (from about 1000 BCE) and are used to determine the auspicious times for festivals such as Holi, Shivaratri, Pongal, Onam, Janmashtami, Durga Puja, Diwali and many others.

But that’s only a calendar for humans.

The calendar for Gods in Hinduism involves timescale as large as 201 Septillion (10²⁴) years.

Big Bang, the beginning of the creation of the Universe. Credit: Gerd Altmann at Pixabay

Hinduism’s concept of time has historically been very large

Let’s start with the basics. The lifespan of Brahma, the creator god of Hinduism, lasts for 100 of his years. His 12-hour day or Kalpa, is followed by a 12-hour night or Pralaya, which are of equal…


The Post COVID-19 world gives us an unprecedented opportunity for reimagining economies, as well as the technologies that will power growth. In India, the possibilities for “new economy” activities and employment based on drones are significant. Regulations regarding airspace management, strategic choices, technologies adopted and investments can aid the market to grow rapidly.

Today, India in one of the top countries among the drone importing nations². While the value of drone imports are driven by military imports, with the new regulatory policy in place, we India is seeing a hockey stick growth in commercial (B2B, B2G, B2C) & Recreational applications…


Driving business value out of Artificial Intelligence (AI), modeling at the edge, increased focus on data privacy and governance, and growing talent wars, among key AI trends

AI: everybody’s into it, but only a few do it well. The 2019 MIT SMR-BCG Artificial Intelligence Global Executive Study and Research Report states that nine out of ten enterprises today are invested in AI, but 70 percent have seen minimal impact so far.

2020 would be an active year on the AI front. As the phase of experimentation through 2018–19 starts becoming mature, adoptions will begin in a serious way and business leaders will start assessing the value of the investments made. Following are the relevant trends unfolding that the C-suite and business leaders should be expecting in 2020:

1. Business will get real operationalising AI and measuring the impact


I spoke at the World Economic Forum in Davos #WEF2020 on how availability of vast amount of data, exponential technologies such as AI, and “planetary scale” platforms are transforming the lives of 100’s of millions of Indians. I made a call to action to take these technologies global, specially to emerging markets — so that not only the 1 billion Indians, but 4–5 billions people globally benefit. Here is the transcript and the link to the talk about Transformative Tech in the Emerging World!

Good morning — It’s a wonderful day in Davos.

I am Santanu Bhattacharya, currently the Chief…


Building and backing the next generation of 100-year companies

Unbound, founded by Shravin Bharti Mittal, is deploying long-term capital to build and back the next generation of 100-year businesses. Unbound focuses on Cyber Security, Mobility/Enterprise Software, Financial Services, Logistics, and Health & Wellness. At Unbound, we believe that AI will eventually become normal everyday news, being yet another technology powering our lives, just like it happened with the ‘internet’, ‘electricity’ and ‘combustion engines’. One of the core aims at Unbound is to leverage big data/AI to identify and help build a new generation of enterprises such as Databricks, CaaStle, Playsight, Omnius. (full list below)

As a technical advisor to…


Yet another day goes and yet another (rather, many) data and privacy breach stories keep showing up. Consider the list of major global breaches maintained by CYWARE.

August 16: Gray Harbor Community Hospital, 20 departments of the Texas Government, Camp Verde School District

August 15: NCH Healthcare, Capital One, Credit Karma, Hy-Vee (customer payment data at fuel pumps)

August 14: British Airways, Choice Hotels, “Biostar 2” Biometric System used by major Police Forces, Border Control and Armies, Indian Army Northern Command

and the list goes on…

We use the recent example of the FaceApp saga to do a deep dive…

Dr. Santanu Bhattacharya

Chief Data Scientist at Airtel, Prof/Scholar at IISc & MIT, worked for NASA and Facebook, built start-ups, and future settler for Mars & Tatooine

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